GRAND FORKS DRAYTON DONALDSON DICKINSON

MINN-DAK GROWERS, LTD.
Buckwheat, Mustard, Safflower & Sunflowers
From the Heartland . . . to the World

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701-746-7453
701-780-9050

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Buckwheat Production


Compliments of MINN-DAK Growers Ltd.

CROP DEVELOPMENT: Emerges 5 to 7 days after planting. Begins flowering about 5 weeks after planting. Optimum seed set period is during weeks 5 - 7 after planting. Makes many flowers, but not all will set a seed. Wilts in hot weather, not real drought tolerant. Matures in 75 to 90 days.

ROOTING DEPTH: 18 - 24 inches.

SOILS: Adapts to a wide range of soil types. Prefers medium texture soils. Performs well on poor soils. Soils that crust easily can cause emergence problems.

PLANTING RATE: 45 to 60 lbs/acre, 6 or 7 inch row spacing.

PLANTING DATE: May 25 to June 15. Planting up to July 1 has occurred in North Dakota, but yields are reduced. Buckwheat is not frost tolerant at any stage.

PLANTING DEPTH: 1 to 2 inches.

FERTILITY: Nitrogen: 49 lbs of N per 1000 lbs. of yield goal (soil plus applied).
Phosphorous use is similar to wheat (use of starter is a good practice).

WEED CONTROL: No chemicals registered in U. S. Buckwheat is usually quite competitive.

CHEMICAL CARRYOVER: Sensitive to carryover of treflan, atrazine, sulfonylurea products (e. g. Glean, Ally), Tordon, Assert.

ROTATION: Between small grains.

INSECTS: Aphids (usually not a big problem). Grasshoppers occasionally cause damage.

DISEASES: Subject to Rhizoctonia root rot (not reported often).

HARVEST: Swath when the top cluster of seeds are 75% ripe. Swath when field is damp to reduce shatter loss. Swath immediately after a frost to reduce shatter loss. Stores safe at 14% to 16% moisture content when seed is clean of foreign material.

VARIETIES: Koban and Koto

MARKET: Used in Japan for milling into flour. Flour is used in buckwheat (soba) noodles.

TYPICAL YIELDS: 1000 to 1500 lbs/acre. Yields up to 2000 lbs/acre reported. Depends upon environment in a given region.

VARIABLE COSTS: $25.00 to $40.00/acre for seed, fertilizer, fuel, repairs, etc.

NOTES:

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For inquiries on product specifications, applications, and prices, email us!!!

Technical Service | Buckwheat | Confection Sunflower | Oriental Mustard | Safflower | Yellow Mustard

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Copyright 2002  Minn-Dak Growers, Ltd.  Highway 81 North, PO Box 13276, Grand Forks ND 58208